All you want to know about Apple in India



1. INTRODUCTION
Apple (Malus pumila) is commercially the most important temperate fruit and is fourth among the most widely produced fruits in the world after banana, orange and grape. China is the largest apple producing country in the world. 

2. OBJECTIVE
The main objective of this report is to present a bankable one-acre model for high quality commercial cultivation of the crop. 

Rich Cuisine & Culture of Himachal Pradesh


This is an ancient tradation or ritual celebrated by people of upper himachal. Basically this fest is celebrated during winter season. In ancient time during the winters when there is no work to do, people use to gather at a place and celebrate drinking, eating goat meat and dancing. This celebration was called as "TAYOHAR" as in recent days few people call it "Bakreed". There is a pre defined date of celebration which varies from village to village. People from surrounding which contains relatives and neighbours gather at one place and they use to cut goats & sheep and celebrate drinking and dancing. This happens onece a year. After the celebration is done they move on to next place.

6 Traditional And Famous Dishes Of Himachal You Must Definitely Try Once

Himachal Pradesh apart from being blessed with breathtaking natural beauty, is also a tasteful blend of exquisite pahari cuisine that gives any traveller more than just one reason to fall in love with this beautiful mountains dotted state. Himachali or pahari cuisine has a unique aroma and flavour to it due to the usage of a lot of yoghurt and cardamom and cooking on slow flame. One can clearly see that the Himachali dishes have a lot of influence of Punjabi and Tibetan style of food.

The availability of vegetables is a challenge in the hilly and cold terrain of Himachal Pradesh hence, most of the traditional dishes are either non-vegetarian, make use of different types of lentils in them or both. The use of varied spices like chillies, cardamom, cinnamon, turmeric and coriander powder is common and make the food rich and spicy; very much to the delight of the tourists that flock to this part of the country almost all year long. The pahari folk also use a lot of dairy products, especially buttermilk, curd and ghee to make their food even more delectable.

There are a lot of restaurants all over Himachal Pradesh which serve authentic pahari food for you to enjoy and imprint on your minds. So, if you are planning to go to the land of the majestic Himalayas for your next vacations, you should definitely give a try to these amazing dishes from Himachal Pradesh.

1. SIDDU: 

Made of wheat flour, Sidu is a type of bread and is a well known local dish of Himachal Pradesh. The preparation of it takes a little longer time than the other dishes as it needs to be molded for about 4 to 5 hours. The flour of wheat is kneaded with the required amount of yeast and this dough gets ready to be cooked in 4 to 5 hours. Once the dough is ready, it is stuffed with fat and then roasted over low fire and lastly, for a few minutes, it is steamed. It is usually eaten with butter, mutton or even with some cooked vegetables. Many of the hotels and restaurants make it the part of their menu as the tourists oftentimes try to explore the local dishes to add some extra colors in their experience.

2. BABRU:


Babru is like a Himachali variation of the popular kachoris. It is made by stuffing soaked and ground black gram daal paste to kneaded dough patties. These patties are then rolled and deep fried and served with tamarind chutney.

3. MAASH DAAL:

Mash daal or kali daal is made with split black lentils or ma ki daal. It is soaked overnight, pressure cooked and then simmered in a heavy bottomed pan along with thinly sliced onions, ginger, garlic and spices shallow fried in hot mustard oil to give the comforting mash daal.

4. PATANDE:

A popular breakfast dish of Sirmour district, Patande can rightly be called as Indian pancakes. Ladle full of smooth batter made from wheat flour, milk and sugar are poured on a ghee laden hot griddle and a thin pancakes like those resembling dosa(s) are cooked to make sweet and yummy Patande.

5. TROUT FISH:

This fish delicacy made with marinated trout shallow fried in mustard oil with spices is a much loved dish of the Kullu region. Cooked in minimal spices, the dish brings out the natural flavours of the delicious trout.

6. PATRODU:

Patrodu is made from leaves of Arbi (Colocasia), Gram flour and spices. Oblong, flat leaves of Colocasia are picked during monsoon. A thick paste of gram flour, salt, ground turmeric, chopped coriander leaves, cumin, ajwain, chopped green chillis, asafoetida, ground onion, ginger and garlic is prepared with 2 spoons of mustard oil. A single leaf of Colocasia is then placed upside down and this thick paste applied to it in a thin layer. Another leaf is then placed upside down on top of this leaf and the same paste applied to it. Once 4-5 layers of leaves and paste are ready, the leaves are very carefully and tightly rolled from one side to the other making a roll. The roll, if needed, can be tied with a string to keep it together. A few such rolls are then put in a pressure cooker and steamed for sometime. Be careful though, you do not want to over-steam them and eat a mishy-mushy paste of leaves. The steamed rolls are then cooled, nowadays in a fridge but natural cooling does just fine

In Himachal Pradesh, a northern state in India, Taro is known as ghandyali in Mandi district. The dish called patrodu is made from the leaves of the ghandyali. Also in the capital Shimla, using gram flour a pancake style dish is made called patra or patid.

Who am I really? Why am I here on this Earth? What am I worth? Do I have any intrinsic value? Do I serve a purpose?

Who am I really? 



 Why am I here on this Earth? 


What am I worth? 


Do I have any intrinsic value? 


Do I serve a purpose?


To LIVE. And then To DIE..!!

When such questions arise, we try to find the PURPOSE. Life has no purpose. We just are born irrespective of our choice. So there is no way, we are born to serve any purpose. The economies, countries, society etc. are created by humans. The human nature has the tendency to create or become a part of an institution, be it country, state, government, society etc. To survive in such institutions one always need MONEY(which is also created by humans). This has made us think only about money and different ways to earn it. And then we can't think about any aspect of our life. Think beyond these institutions and see what is in front of you. And what you want to do.

* You want stay beside a beach all your life - do it. The tribals have been doing it.
* You want to travel the world - do it. And trust me its not cheap, but its not that expensive either.
* You want to become rich(in terms of currency)? - Toil down yourself day and night.

And the list can go on.... Do what comes to you. You must feel happy at the end of the day.


"F**K THE RULES OF THIS WORLD AND KEEP MEDITATING"

"HOPE U'll FIND YOURSELF ONE DAY"

Five Destinations Known as Kailash

For Hindu Pilgrims seeking salvation and pay reverence to their lord, the 5 Kailash Yatras  is perhaps one of the most significant as well as arduous calling. The 5 Kailash Yatras entails long pilgrimages to 5 holy sites in upper reaches of Himalayas to seek the blessing of Lord Shiva who, as per the Hindu scriptures and legends,  is supposedly reside on the holy mountain peaks.

Mount Kailash is the most sacred peak of Asia, Located in the far west corner of Tibet. The beauty of the 6638 meters high peak, which looks like a symmetrical cone shaped ice, is echoed in various mythological and literary works.

Cultural Significance of Mount Kailash:


Mount Kailash is one of the least visited holy places in India. There are many monasteries and places of great importance on the route to Mount Kailash. There are many stone carvings and other attractions for pilgrims. Most of the visitors take a dip in the Mansarovar Lake, which is located 18 miles away from the Mount Kailash. Soaking your head in the holy water provides spiritual benefits and only the brave could survive in the icy water.

1. Kinnaur Kailash


Located in the Kinnaur Valley of Himachal Pradesh, Mount Kinnaur Kailash is the holy abode of Lord Shiva. The trek is challenging and also rewarding for experienced trekkers. The region has got its name from the term ‘Kinner’, which are the angelic demi-gods of the Hindu pantheon. As per Hindu mythology, the angels because of the region’s likeliness to heaven choose it for their wonderful gaiety and fun. The pass accessible on the trek is the Charang La at an altitude of 5300 meters.

2. Srikhand Kailash


Located at a height of 5155 meters high, Srikhand Kailash is considered to be another abode of Lord Shiva. It lures climbers as well as religious devotees. There is a Shivalinga here. Throughout the year, the snow falls thick and does not cover the Shivalinga. The Srikhand Peak is visible from the eastern side of the village. It is a part of the Great Himalayan National Park where the thick mountain forests and the high altitude meadows.

3. Chamba Kailash


Located 26 kilometers away from Bharmour in the Budhil Valley, Chamba Kailash is one of the most important pilgrimage spots in Himachal Pradesh. The lake is perched at an altitude of 13,000 feet at the foot of the Kailash peak. Every year, on the 8th day of the half moon in the month of ‘Bhadon’, a fair takes place at this lake. It attracts thousands of pilgrims who assemble here to take a dip in the holy waters. According to the popular belief, Lord Shiva is said to roam here with his consort Parvati. Manimahesh is approachable from different routes. Pilgrims from Lahaul-Spiti come through the Kugti Pass. The easiest route is from Chamba and runs through Bharmaur.

4. Adi Kailash


Also known as Chhota Kailash, Mount Adi Kailash is located in Indian Territory, very close to the Indo-Tibet border. This region is suffused with exquisite natural beauty, serenity and sovereignty. If you are tired of the continuous uproar of urban life, this place will treat you with calmness and composure. During Adi Kailash trek in the Kumaon Himalayas, you will come across the massive snow clad peaks of Annapurna, the cascading Kali River, dense forests and Narayan Ashram full of wild flowers and rare vegetation of fruit gardens. Then there is Gauri Kund, whose water is a reflection of the beauty of the mountain itself. Parvati Sarovar is another nearby water body. Also known as Mansarovar, Adi Kailash houses a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati.

5. Kailash Mansarovar


The celestial abode of Lord Shiva, Kailash is a sacred place for people of five faiths in the world. Mount Kailash is partially famous for its religious regions and partially for it has never been climbed with respect to Hindu and Buddhist religions.  Kailash Mansarovar Yatra takes place in the months of May and June when out on thousands only a few are selected for going on the pilgrimage. It is advisable to book Kailash Mansarovar Yatra well in advance to brighten up your chances of being on this month long sacred journey.

Trekking Tips And Hacks For Beginners


Any sort of adventure travel is fun but nothing comes close to the joy of trekking. For those who have trekked will agree that trekking is more about learning and staying put. And, the magnitude of adrenaline rush is definitely of a different kind courtesy the enchanting views one enjoys while at it.

But if it happens to be your first trek, the feeling is exciting yet overwhelming. So, in order to get the maximum thrill out of your first trek, doing your homework about the trek and brushing up on basic trekking tips is important.

If you have planned your first trek already but are still nervous about the dos and don’ts, fret not, here are 7 trekking tips that will help you sail through like a pro!

Easy Trekking Tips For Beginners:



#1: Be In Good Shape

The first thing that matters the most is your health and physical fitness. This is not a tip but one of the most basic things one needs to be sure of before going on that first trek. You will be spending money on the trip and you don’t want it to cut short because of your health. So, ensure you are physically fit because the fitter you are, the easier the trek will be. Also, remember to drink water and stay hydrated throughout the journey.

#2: No Compromise On Research

If your first trek is in a group and the trek manager knows everything, ensure that you are digging out every bit of information about the trek. One needs to have a fair idea about the culture, locals, weather condition and the overall familiarity with the surrounding. There’s nothing that will make you feel more confident than reading and researching and having a fair idea about the place.

#3: Choose An Easy Trek

Trekking is fascinating, but for beginners, choosing an easy trek should be the thumb rule. People often think that an easy trek means compromising on the adventure factor, but on the contrary, when it’s an easy trek, you are more confident and can enjoy the maximum thrill. Ask the veterans, because even they believe that an easy trek always turns out to be a wise move.

#4: Comfortable Companions

When you are a first time trekker, it is obvious that you will be travelling in a group. While it’s good fun to travel with friends, but when it is trekking, comfort factor becomes the topmost priority. You don’t want to stay back at the camp for your friend or cut short your first trekking trip, right? So before embarking on your this voyage, ensure that the people you will be with are on the same page as you.

#5: Smart Backpacking With All Essentials

People often confuse smart backpacking and light backpacking. Light packing may or may not include essentials and safety gears while smart packing includes everything that is needed for the trek, but put together in smart way. An ideal smart backpack should include basic medicines, hand sanitizer, a walking stick (in case you are tired), reusable water bottle, headlamp (in case you trek at night), torch, extra cells, pocketknife, plastic bags, travel towel, waterproof pants, sunscreen, a raincoat, sleep sack (preferably made of silk), a camera bag, other than warm clothes and a jacket, wind gear, rain gear etc.

#6: Carry Flip-flops Or Any Comfortable Pair Of Footwear

Though everyone emphasise on a good, sturdy pair of trekking or hiking shoes, but the importance of a good pair of rest shoes or flip-flops is often neglected. While trekking, if you plan to rest for a bit, hiking shoes may not be the best option, so carrying flip-flops for resting your feet will be a wise option.

#7: Stay Calm And Trek On

Last but not the least, always stay calm and be positive because you are after all a stranger in a strange land. If the weather is not that great, or the trail is not the way you imagined, do not panic or crib, it may scare others too. So, keep a good, positive attitude and march along.

Travel hacks that are useful and make the vacation hassle free.



#1. Roll And Not Fold Clothes:

To make extra space in your baggage, roll your clothes rather than folding them. In fact, you can place undergarments, socks, and other small size stuff inside the full size clothes to better organize and optimize place inside luggage.

#2. Soft Copies, Hard Copies, And Pics Of Documents:

You can buy or at least manage without any other stuff except for the personal as well as travel related documents. So, keep soft copies, hard copies as well as pictures of the documents in your smartphone to avoid any rough situation.

#3. Eyewear Cases For Multiple Usage:

Glass cases can be used in multiple ways to keep things organized. Apart from shades and glasses, you can keep your cables, chargers, and earphones inside these cases.

#4. Binder Clips:

This stationary item can be used for covering up the head of a shaving razor as well as to keep the earphones tangle free. You can wrap the earphones on the binder clip and then can easily attach it on your travel bag or pockets.

#5. Offline Use Of Google Maps:

Do not want to empty the internet data pack by accessing the Google Maps again and again? Then, type OK Maps on a particular location to save that location for later access.

#6. Protect Your Luggage From Rash Handling:

Stick a ‘Fragile’ or ‘Handle With Care’ note on your luggage so that your luggage is handles with better care. Though, there is no guarantee of it, yet you should take precautions from your side.

#7. Keep Pen, Paper Handy:

Though it sounds like an old-school habit but you never know where you might need to fill forms, or write down local details of the place you are visiting. So, keeping a pen and paper is not a bad habit at all.

#8. Carry A Scarf:

Do not forget to carry a scarf while travelling. A scarf can be used for cover yourself up, cover the face, head, to wipe off sweat or for that matter, you can ties it on your luggage to mark it.

#9. Use Incognito Browser:

While checking out flight ticket and other details, remember to use incognito browser. If you have ever noticed, the flight ticket rates to the same destination that you checked earlier is higher when you check on a later date. It is because the airlines can track your search history, so to avoid that use incognito mode.

#10. Hide Some Cash Here And There:

You can never know where and how much cash can be needed while travelling or vacationing in an unknown place, so keep some cash here and there in your baggage. It is like the emergency cash, you might not need it at all and if you need cash, then only you know where it is kept.

#11. Off-Season Travelling Is Always Better:

Rather than visiting a tourist spot in its peak season, it is always better to go on off-season. The destination is less crowded, the transportation and lodging cost are low, and also you get to explore the local areas without much hassle.

#12. Hotel Cards And Address:

Do not forget to collect the card of the hotel or to take down the address of any other facility where you are staying, so even if you are lost you can show these cards and address to locals to get back to where you started.

Here are some basic travel tips you should do or consciously keep in mind for a better travel experience.


#1. Believing that everything will go as planned.

#2. Do not ANTICIPATE too much; just go with the flow.

#3. Carry minimal LUGGAGE.

#4. Do not keep all your MONIES together. Split it.

#5. Be ready to face UNEXPECTED weather condition.

#6. Try to enjoy the JOURNEY as much as the DESTINATION.

#7. Carry a notepad, make notes.

#8. Take UNPLANNED walks/treks.

#9. If you like the view of a certain place, do not hesitate to STAY a little longer.

#10. Use a CAMERA to click pictures instead of a phone.

#11. Do not let your SMARTPHONE play a spoilt sport. Answering calls or replying to messages can wait unless they are urgent.

#12. Be updated on the LOCAL NEWS.

#13. Try and learn the LOCAL LANGUAGE for basic communication.

#14. Make an effort to CONNECT with the locals.

#15. Try and cover places on foot or by using LOCAL TRANSPORT.

#16. Be COURTEOUS to locals because you are a GUEST visiting someone else’s land.

#17. Try NOT to bargain much.

#18. Do not be reluctant; get OUT of your comfort zone.

#19. Make it a point to try LOCAL CUISINE.

#20. Do not LITTER.

#21. Stay PUT for a while if nature comes down as an irresistible mistress.

#22. Relish the NATURE through your eyes than your smartphone.

#23. Do NOT be in a hurry.

#24. Try and learn about the CULTURE.

#25. Be a FREE soul.

#26. Do not RUSH to cover all the places.

#27. Buy at least one MEMENTO for yourself.

#28. If you are travelling alone, let your hosts know your WHEREABOUTS.

#29. Don’t be DEPENDENT on smartphones, jot down important PHONE NUMBERS in a diary.

#30. Flash a SMILE while dealing with the locals.

Mammut mountaineering adventures – In Pictures

These images were shot by Robert Bösch over the last few years for Mammut, to showcase their range of hardy clothing and sports equipment. The most recent, taken in September 2014, celebrates 150 years since the first ascent of the Matterhorn














Kheer Ganga Trek passing by Kasol, Tosh Valley and Parvati Valley

After a 14 km trek from Tosh, part of it being a walk in the park and part of it making me realise that getting my rucksack along for the trek was huge mistake, Kheerganga's panaromic skies and vast greenery are a much needed delight to the eyes and especially the tired legs. It's not just the destination though, enroute to Kheerganga you will cross many waterfalls and bridges that might be your last step ever, the tremendous river flow and its thunderous sound do instill some fear into your heart about how strong mother nature really is. Once you get to the top though, there is nothing that feels better than a hot spring bath after walking 14 kms, trust me, nothing.

Srikhand Mahadev Trek

'Shrikhand Mahadev Kailash Yatra' is a Pilgrimage trek in  Kullu, Himachal Pradesh, India.

The Shrikhand Mahadev trek is a pilgrim trail that leads to the Shrikhand Mahadev peak (5240 meters/17195 ft.) named after Lord Shiva. The key attraction of this trek is the breathtaking view of the Himalayan ranges from Parvati valley of Kullu, Jorkandan, Rangrik ranges of Kinnaur and Hansbeshan and other surrounding peaks in the south east of Satluj river. The trek can be done either from Nirmand side or Arsu side. The popular and widely travelled route is from the Nirmand – Jaon village side. To reach the base camp, you have to drive from Shimla towards Rampur and cross the river Satluj to enter Niramand region of Kullu district and drive till Jaon Village. This trek can be done in 5 – 6 days.

Kareri Lake Trek

Located high between the ranges of Dhauladhar is the perfect elliptical glacial lake – Kareri Dal.


Altitude: 4,347 ft to 9,678 ft | Time taken: 7-8 hours (17 km)

Kareri Lake (also known as Kumarwah Lake) is a high altitude, shallow, fresh water lake south of the Dhauladhar range approximately 9 km North West of Dharamsala in Kangra district, Himachal Pradesh. Its surface is 2934 metres above the sea level. Snow melting from the Dhauladhar range serves as the source of the lake and a stream, Nyund is the outflow. Since the source is fresh melting snow and the lake is shallow, water visibility is very high and in most places, the lake bed can be seen.

The Last Village Of India 'Chitkul' Sangla Valley

After these many years, still at its teens! ‘Himachal’:  Healthy green, peaky mountains, flawless snow, attractive valleys, innocent rivers, cozy weather, warm people, fine culture and a lot more unsaid beauty lying to be explored. Amazing is its beauty and astounding is the experience. If you are yet to visit, wait no longer.



The Great Himalayas

Himalayas:

Himachal takes its name from the Himalayas. Himachal literally means 'Land of snowy mountains'. Himalayas, the great mountain system extends almost 2,500 Km., from North-West to South-East and width of Himalayas is between 250 to 300 Km. The Himalayas are one of the youngest among the mountain system in India and these are believed to be 40 millions years old. The Himalayasare also the highest mountain system in the world.

Check out some famous Hippie Cities In India



Somewhere in the midst of our day to day busy and hectic schedule, we have probably forgot to live for our self. The never ending work pressure, socio-political matters and the society tension that we come across in our country can never give us peace of mind. And we clumsily stuck, forget that there exists an altogether different hippie world beyond this regular routine. Mere thought of rambling on the beach, watching the sunset, leaving behind all the worries and dancing on the banging beats, is the best way for a fun-filled long vacation at any of the following hippie destinations in India.

The sacred grooves of Dodra-Kawar

The sacred grooves of Dodra-Kawar



The social and cultural aspects of Himachal Pradesh – known as Dev Bhoomi (Land of Gods) – clearly demonstrate the reverence that people of the state have for the local deities. If we try to draw the historical relation of temples and deities on social norms, we find a very strong correlation between the two. People may dare to break the law of local rulers but dared not to challenge the authority of the local deities. This was one of the major reasons that ensured low crime and better social order in the society.

LAKE LAMA DAL "HIMALAYAN GLORY"

LAKE LAMA DAL

Lama Dal (Lake) ( almost 4000 metres above mean sea level )

At the altitude of 12,000 feet, thirty miles east of Chamba proper near the historic Balaini pass, lie a group of seven tarns . The last and seventh in series constitutes the main Lama Dal. This tarn is the largest in this group and also throughout the district. It has an approximate circumference of one and half miles. Its depth and water content remains not estimated. For the reason of its being largest it is known as a Lamba Dal (long lake); however, this is pronounced as Lama Dal by the local people. There is small Shiva temple at the lake. The main lake serves the purpose of a sacred place for the surrounding villages. Held sacred to Lord Shiva, this lake lies amidst bare rock.

CHANSHAL VALLEY (ROHRU, SHIMLA) THE GREAT HIMALAYS "Grab The Prestine Beauty"

Chanshal Pass: 180 kilometers from Shimla, links Dodra Kwar and Chirgaon (Rohru) in the Shimla  district of Himachal Pradesh, India. The pass sits atop the Chanshal Peak, which at 4520 meters (slightly higher than Rohtang Pass, Manali)is the highest peak in the Shimla district. The pass remains open from May to October and is covered with snow for the rest of the year.

My Village My Destiny-Lachhog- Chopal- Nerwa- Shimla- Himachal Pradesh

Lachhog is a place in Chaupal where RANTA’s (RAJPUT’s) live. This place is 18 km away from Nerwa.